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Yu, G. (2020). Blockchain stealth address schemes. Cryptology ePrint Archive, 
Added by: Jack (2023-06-06 21:03)   Last edited by: Jack (2023-06-06 21:04)
Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Yu2020
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Categories: Monero-focused
Creators: Yu
Collection: Cryptology ePrint Archive
Views: 161/1969
Attachments   blockchain_stealth_address_schemes.pdf [53/541] URLs   https://eprint.iacr.org/2020/548.pdf
Abstract
In a blockchain system, address is an essential primitive which is used in transaction. The Stealth Address, which has an underlying address info of two public keys (𝐴, 𝐵), was developed by Monero blockchain in 2013, in which a one-time public key is used as the transaction destination, to protect the recipient privacy. At almost same time, hierarchical deterministic wallets scheme was proposed as bip-32 for Bitcoin, which makes it possible to share an extended public key (𝐾, 𝑐) between sender and receiver, where 𝐾 is a public key and 𝑐 is a 256-bits chain code, and only receiver knows the corresponding private key of this 𝐾. With the bip-32 scheme, the sender may derive the child public key 𝐾! with the child number 𝑖 by him/herself, without needing to request a new address for each payment from the receiver, make each transaction have a different destination key for privacy. This paper introduces an improved stealth address scheme (and some enhanced variants) which has an underlying address data of (𝐴 ! , 𝐵! , 𝑖), where 𝑖 is a child number and 𝑖 ∈ [0, 2"# − 1]. The sender gets the receiver’s address info (𝐴 ! , 𝐵! , 𝑖), generates a random secret number 𝑟 ∈ [0, 2$% − 1] and calculate a Pedersen commitment 𝐶 = 𝐴 ! 𝐵! ℎ & ! .( where 𝑅 ) = 𝐵! * , then the sender may use this commitment 𝐶 or 𝐻𝑎𝑠ℎ(𝐶) as the destination key for the output and packs the (𝑅, 𝑖) somewhere into the transaction. This improved stealth address scheme makes it possible to manage multiple stealth addresses in one wallet, therefore the user is able to share different addresses for different senders.
  
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