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Liang, M., Karantaidou, I., Baldimtsi, F., Gordon, D. S., & Varia, M. (2022). (∈, δ)-indistinguishable mixing for cryptocurrencies. Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies, 2022(1), 49–74. 
Added by: Rucknium (5/5/22, 10:14 PM)   Last edited by: Rucknium (5/5/22, 10:24 PM)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: doi:10.2478/popets-2022-0004
BibTeX citation key: Liang2022
View all bibliographic details
Categories: Not Monero-focused
Creators: Baldimtsi, Gordon, Karantaidou, Liang, Varia
Collection: Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies
Views: 119/736
Attachments   10.2478_popets-2022-0004.pdf [5/254] URLs
We propose a new theoretical approach forbuilding anonymous mixing mechanisms for cryptocur-rencies. Rather than requiring a fully uniform permuta-tion during mixing, we relax the requirement, insistingonly that neighboring permutations are similarly likely.This is defined formally by borrowing from the defini-tion of differential privacy. This relaxed privacy defini-tion allows us to greatly reduce the amount of interac-tion and computation in the mixing protocol. Our con-struction achievesO(n·polylog(n))computation time formixingnaddresses, whereas all other mixing schemesrequireO(n2)total computation across all parties. Ad-ditionally, we support a smooth tolerance of fail-stopadversaries and do not require any trusted setup. We an-alyze the security of our generic protocol under the UCframework, and under a stand-alone, game-based defi-nition. We finally describe an instantiation using ringsignatures and confidential transactions.
   In Appendix B, we discuss an instantiation of
our generic mixing construction built upon any anony-
mous transaction functionality, such as Monero’s ring
signatures and confidential transactions. For our instan-
tiation, we modify the ring signature content in order
to support loop-payments, i.e. the ability for an input
address to transfer amounts back to itself. Then, we de-
scribe the ring’s structure as predefined by the parent
buckets in the previous level and the output address for
both real and noisy transactions, and we claim full in-
distinguishability between them. We present a variant
of our construction in Section 7 that is compatible with
current signature and fee requirements of Monero.   Added by: Rucknium
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